Kinds of Ecosystems Complete with Understanding and Examples!

Definition of Ecosystems – Ecosystems are an ecological system that is formed from reciprocal relationships between guests and the environment.

This ecosystem can also be considered as a whole and whole unitary order, among all environmental elements, each of which has an influence on each other.

Ecosystem Definition


In an ecosystem there are organisms that develop in the community along with the physical environment in a system.

The organism will adapt to the physical environment, but on the other hand the organism can also affect the physical environment to live.

Organisms that exist in certain microorganisms will produce a control system.

Here’s a complete review of the ecosystem.

Starting from Understanding ecosystems, examples of ecosystems, ecosystem components, kinds of ecosystems, diversity of marine ecosystems.

An ecosystem is a combination of each unique in a biosystem that involves reciprocal interactions between organisms and the physical environment so that the flow of energy will lead to certain biotic structures.

In addition there is also a material cycle that occurs between organisms and anorganisms, and the sun as a source of all existing energy.

Ecosystem Components : ABIOTIC


Abiotics or better known as non-living components are physical and chemical components, which are substrate.

Or survival and environment in a place to live.

Most of the abiotic components vary in space and time, these abiotic components can be organic matter, organic compounds, and other factors.

Other factors will affect the distribution of organisms, these factors include:

a. Temperature

Temperature is a biological process that has been influenced by temperature, besides that mammals and birds are living things that regulate the temperature in the body.

b. Water

The availability of water can affect the distribution of organisms, for example organisms in the desert will adapt to the availability of water in the desert.

c. Salt

The concentration of salt will also affect the balance of water in the organism through osmosis.

Some terrestrial organisms can also adapt to environments with high salt content.

d. Sunlight

The intensity and quality of light will affect photosynthesis, water can absorb light so that the water environment and photosynthesis occur around the surface of the sun that can be reached.

in the desert a large intensity of light makes an increase in temperature so that the animals and plants that live there can be depressed.

e. Land and stone

There are a number of soil and rock characteristics which include physical structure on the soil, pH, and mineral composition that limits the spread of organisms based on the contents of their food sources in the soil.

f. Climate

Climate is a light condition for a long time in an area, the macro climate includes a global, regional and also local climate.

Micro climate is included in the climate in an area inhabited by a particular community.

Ecosystem Components : BIOTIC


Biotic is a term usually used to refer to something that is alive or organism.

Biotic components are components that form an ecosystem other than abiotic components, or lifeless components.

Based on the role and function of living things can be divided into 2 types.

Among them are:

a. Heterotof or consumer

Heterotrophic components consist of organisms that utilize organic material that has been provided by other organisms as food.

The heterotrophic component is called the macro component or phagotroph, because the food they eat is smaller.

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